Tornerai / J’Attendrai / Komm zurück / Věřím vám / I’ll Be Yours
page originally published on 27 August 2010; latest revision: 2 January 2017
Tornerai is the title of a piece of light music composed in 1936, with music by composer and conductor Dino Olivieri, and words by Nino Rastelli. [The Italian title means, in English, “You’ll return.“]
The song, especially in the French version, “J’Attendrai,” with lyric by Louis Potérat introduced by Rina Ketty in 1938, became symbolic of the beginning of World War II. In 1943, Rastelli wrote a new lyric. The song was also recorded with a German lyric under the title “Komm zurück,” and with a Czech lyric as “Věřím vám.”
The composition of Tornerai was reportedly inspired by the famous coro a bocca chiusa (“humming” chorus) in the opera Madama Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini.
The song appears in the soundtracks of the following films:
- La segunda mujer (1953, J’Attendrai)
- Seven of Glory (1968, Tornerai )
- Une belle fille comme moi (1972, J’attendrai ) English film title: Not the Silly Girl!
- U-Boot 96 (1981, J’attendrai )
- A Good Year (2006, J’attendrai, performed by Jean Sablon)
- The 13 Roses (2007, J’attendrai )
— above text adapted from the Google translation of the Italian Wikipedia article on the 1937 Trio Lescano single Lasciamoci con un sorriso/Tornerai
Note, 20 February 2016: The order in which SecondHandSongs.com lists the 1937 recordings of the “Tornerai” suggests that Dino Di Luca recorded the song first, followed by Carlo Buti and then Trio Lescano, in that order. However, Wikipedia says, “[“Tornerai”] was first recorded in 1937 by both Carlo Buti and Trio Lescano (accompanied by the Italian jazz quartet Quartetto Jazz Funaro), and become a huge hit in Italy,” footnote #4 citing this page. In its page 1937…Tornerai…Forever, IlDiscobolo.net has the early recordings in the following order: Trio Lescano, Carlo Buti, Emilio Livi con il Trio Koln, with the recording by Dino Di Luca left unmentioned. I’ll see if I can sort out the reasons for these discrepancies, and try to provide an accurate chronology of recordings.
Trio Lescano & Quartetto Funaro — issued in 1937 on the 78 rpm single (Italy) Parlophon GP 92317, as the B-side of “Lasciamoci con un sorriso”
Carlo Buti — issued on (Italy) Columbia DQ 2469 , dated 1937 by SecondHandSongs.com
Dino Di Luca e Coro, con “Orchestra CETRA diretti dal M°. Pippo Barzizza” — issued in 1937 on (Italy) Parlophon GP 92255
Emilio Livi con il Trio Koln — issued in 1938 on Disco Grammofono HN 1319
Miriam Ferretti — IlDiscobolo.net indicates that Ferretti’s recording features the new 1943 Rastelli lyric, and dates the recording 1944/45. The side was issued on Columbia D 13041.
Orchestra Barzizza — Maestro Pippo Barzizza: an instrumental version, dated 1938 by Il Discobolo.net
Claudio Villa — 1958
Dalida — 1975 or 1976
J’Attendrai –French text: Louis Potérat
Rina Ketty — 1938
The Quintette du Hot Club de France
The QHCF recorded Tornerai/J’Attendrai twice, the second recording being (I think) the soundtrack for a short film, Jazz Hot (1938?) in which the band performs the song. It is the best film footage of Django performing.
April/May 1938 — newsreel “Jazz Hot” film in Paris, featuring the QHCF: Stephane Grappelli (v), Django Reinhardt (g), Joseph Reinhardt, Pierre Ferret (g), Roger Grasset (b)
Anne Clercy (J’Attendrai) — 1938
The provider describes the film footage:
The film shows preparation for the war in France, the invasion of Poland, the outbreak of war in France and invasion of Paris, images from cultural life, including a picture of Mistinguett and Marika Rökk at the Moulin Rouge as well as images of the controversial trip of some of the biggest French movie stars to Germany.
Jean Sablon avec Wal-Berg et son Orchestre — 1939(?)
Tino Rossi — 1939
Tino Rossi (29 April 1907–26 September 1983) was a singer and film actor of Corsican origin. Born Constantino Rossi in Ajaccio, Corsica, France, he became a tenor of French cabaret and one of the great romantic idols of his time. Gifted with an operatic voice, a “Latin Lover” persona made him a movie star as well. Over his career, Rossi made hundreds of records and appeared in more than 25 films, the most notable of which was the 1953 production, Si Versailles m’était conté directed by Sacha Guitry. His romantic ballads had women swooning and his art-songs by Jules Massenet (1842–1912), Reynaldo Hahn (1875–1947), and other composers helped draw sold out audiences wherever he performed [read more].
Komm zurück – German text: Ralph Maria Siegel
Michael Jary mit seinem Kammer-Tanzorchester, und Gesang: Rudi Shuricke — (as “Komm’ Zurück!“) released in 1939 on Odeon O-31 618, b/w “Melodia (Hörst Du Mein Heimliches Rufen?)”
The following two different recordings, each attributed to Michael Jary under the same 1939 Odeon catalog number, have been posted at YouTube.
Michael Jary mit seinem Tanz-Orchester, Refraingesang: Rudi Schuricke — Odeon, 1939 (according to the provider) — This is the same recording as the second one above.
Hans Rehmstedt mit seinem Orchester – Refraingesang: Horst Winter — Columbia label, 1939
Rudi Schuricke und Heinz Munsonius – Imperial label, 1939
Rudi Schuricke — 1940
Věřím vám – Czech text: Karel Kozel
R. A. Dvorský — date unknown
Oldřich Kovář with Orchestr FOK (Prague Symphony Orchestra) conducted by Vl. A. Vipler — date unknown
The Italian Wikipedia article on Tornerai claims that the song, which version is unspecified, became part of the repertoires of Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby. I’ve been unable to verify this claim with respect to Sinatra. The comprehensive Frank Sinatra Sessionography at steve-albin.com lists no recording under either of the two major titles, “Tornerai” and “J’Attendrai.” I’ve also found no evidence that Sinatra recorded the English lyric version “I’ll Be Yours.” The song “I Will Wait for You,” of which Sinatra’s version may be the best-known English version, is an unrelated composition, originally with French lyrics, published in 1964.
Bing Crosby, on the other hand, recorded an English version of the song on 18 December 1945, under the title “I’ll Be Yours (J’Attendrai),” with Camarata and his Orchestra. “I’ll Be Yours,” with a lyric by Anna Sosenko, had previously been recorded by Hildegarde, earlier in 1945. The Crosby recording was released on the 78 rpm single Decca 23510, b/w “We’ll Gather Lilacs.”
Of Sosenko, Wikipedia notes that she is “perhaps best known as a manager and writer for Hildegarde for whom she wrote Darling, Je Vous Aime Beaucoup. She worked with Hildegarde for twenty years and was her companion before the two broke up in the 1950s.”
Jack Smith — radio broadcast transcription; from the 14 December 1945 Jack Smith Show, with orchestra directed by Earl Sheldon, according to the video provider