Jazz Age

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Original Dixieland Jazz Band – The original members formed the band in 1916. ODJB is credited with being the first to record jazz commercially and to have hit recordings in the new genre, The term in the name was originally “Jass” rather than “Jazz” but the label of an early Victor recording of “Tiger Rag” shows it had been become “Jazz” by 1917.

From Wikipedia:

On March 3, 1916 the musicians began their job at Schiller’s Cafe in Chicago under the name Stein’s Dixie Jass Band. The band was a hit and received offers of higher pay elsewhere. Since Stein as leader was the only musician under contract by name, the rest of the band broke off, sent to New Orleans for drummer Tony Sbarbaro, and on June 5 started playing renamed as The Dixie Jass Band. LaRocca and Nunez had personality conflicts, and on October 30 Tom Brown’s Band and the ODJB [sic] mutually agreed to switch clarinetists, bringing Larry Shields into the Original Dixieland Jass Band. The band attracted the attention of theatrical agent Max Hart, who booked the band in New York City. At the start of 1917 the band began an engagement playing for dancing at Reisenweber’s Cafe in Manhattan. [read more]

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Tiger Rag (m. Edwin B. Edwards, Nick La Rocca, Tony Spargo & Larry Shields, w. Harry De Costa) – The songwriting credits went to the members of the ODJB. Credit is certainly in dispute as you can see in the brief history by JazzStandards.com here: Tiger Rag.

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(ab0ve) A slide show of photos from late jazz age Berlin accompanies a 1929 Homocord label recording of “Doin’ the New Low-Down” (Jimmy McHugh, Dorothy Fields) credited by the video provider to “Lud Gluskin m.s. Orch. (aus dem Café Berlin), Refraingesang: Emile Christian, Howard Kennedy, Eddie Ritten.”

The song was composed in 1928 for Lew Leslie’s Blackbirds of 1928, a show which also also introduced two jazz standards by McHugh and Fields, “I Can’t Give You Anything But Love,” and “I Must Have That Man,” as well as the hit “Diga Diga Do.” Despite the word “new” in the title, the great songwriting team have here fashioned an archetypal Jazz Age song with strong echoes of iconic hits of the age such as “The Charleston” (1923), “Has Anybody Seen My Gal?” (1925), and “Yes Sir! That’s My Baby” (1925).

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The “Jazz Age” Defined

1

The Jazz Age refers to a period of time after World War I, beginning with the Roaring Twenties and the ending with the beginning of the Great Depression. F. Scott Fitzgerald is credited with creating the term for the time, and he named [a 1922 collection of] short stories after this period — Tales of the Jazz Age

Unsurprisingly, the age refers to the popular music of the time—jazz. The age represents a shift in values in America, and a focus on living life to the fullest. The Jazz Age refers not only to the music of the time, however, but also to the literature, and new developments in art, and a change in the social behavior of America. – Answer to the question “What is the Jazz Age”? at yourdictionary.com

2

The Jazz Age describes the period after the end of World War I, through the Roaring Twenties, ending with the onset of the Great Depression. Traditional values of the previous period declined while the American stock market soared.

The age takes its name [from a form of music which grew very popular during this era]. Among the prominent concerns and trends of the period were the public embrace of technological developments typically seen as progress — cars, air travel and the telephone – as well as new modernist trends in social behavior, the arts, and culture. Central [?] developments included Art Deco design and architecture. – adapted from Wikipedia (needs link added)

3

The Great Gatsby takes place during the summer of 1922. Fitzgerald coined the phrase, “the Jazz Age” that same year to describe the flamboyant—”anything goes”—era that emerged in America after World War I.  from Cornell University: New Student Reading Project (needs link added)

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Some major genres and styles of music popular during the Jazz Age:

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The links under “Features” below are to Songbook pages, while those under “External Links” go to external sites and resources.

FEATURES

Composers:

Performers:

Musical Theater:

Late Jazz Age musical films:

Tribute in film:

Songs of the Year

dances

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External Links

performer profile and tribute

jazz age music

musical theater

African-American musical theater

Harlem Renaissance: history and biography

art of the Harlem Renaissance

graphic arts and design: art deco

jazz age fashion & advertisement

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Resources which I’ve used often for information on the Jazz Age

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