1937 – from Babes in Arms

Where or When (Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart) was introduced by Mitzi Green and Ray Heatherton in the Broadway musical Babes in Arms which featured music by Rodgers, lyrics by Hart and book the team of Rodgers and Hart. Wikipedia:

Babes in Arms opened on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre on April 14, 1937, transferred to the Majestic Theatre on October 25, 1937, and closed on December 18, 1937 after 289 performances. Directed by Robert B. Sinclair with choreography by George Balanchine, the cast featured Mitzi Green, Ray Heatherton, and Alfred Drake, as well as the Nicholas Brothers.

Mitzi Green and Ray Heatherton introduced the song in the show.

Ray Heatherton – 1937

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Benny Goodman Sextet, vocal: Peggy Lee — recorded at Liederkranz Hall in New York City on 24 December 1941; issued on OKeh 6553, c/w “Blues in the Night” (v. Peggy Lee, Lou McGarity)

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Harry James and his Orchestra – vocal: Helen Ward 1944

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Lena Horne with Lennie Hayton & His Orchestra – 1949

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Frank Sinatra – recorded 11 Sep 1958, Nelson Riddle arrangement

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The Eddie Reed Band, vocal Eddie Reed – 1994

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My Funny Valentine (m. Richard Rodgers, w. Lorenz Hart) was written for the musical Babes in Arms, which opened on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre on April 14, 1937, transferred to the Majestic Theatre on October 25, 1937, and closed on December 18, 1937 after 289 performances. The show produced several hit songs and two other jazz standards: Where or When, and Lady is a Tramp. Recordings of My Funny Valentine by Chet Baker (1954), Frank Sinatra (1953,1957, and 1962), and Miles Davis (1956, 1964, live) were probably instrumental in turning it into a jazz standard. Both Baker and Davis released albums titled after the song.

Excerpts from WICN.org’s Song of the Week feature:

“Where or When” was the most popular song in the Babes in Arms score; it appeared on Your Hit Parade eight times and a 1937 recording reached the pop charts. However, after the show closed, “My Funny Valentine” essentially vanished. Musicals of the 1930s usually weren’t preserved; they were either hits or flops and then it was on to the next show. At the time, none of the stars of the original cast recorded “My Funny Valentine” and it is not listed in any of the standard discographies for that period. It even was excluded from the 1939 film version of Babes in Arms.

“My Funny Valentine” enjoyed a brief bout [?] of popularity in 1945 when the Hal McIntyre Orchestra with vocalist Ruth Gaylor recorded a dance-band version that entered the Billboard charts for one week, reaching sixteenth place; then the song re-entered oblivion. Will Friedwald, in Stardust Melodies, describes this dark period of the song’s life, “The song was kept alive, apparently, by New York cabaret singers like Mabel Mercer, who were, until the arrival of Sinatra, virtually the only artists to keep performing the great songs of the twenties and thirties into the forties and fifties, like monks hiding manuscripts in the Dark Ages.”

It wasn’t a monk that rescued “My Funny Valentine” from obscurity – it was a trumpeter, Chet Baker. The website http://www.chetbakertribute.com describes how Baker and the song first met, “In James Gavin’s Book, Deep in a Dream, he tells the story of how Carson Smith, bassist for the Gerry Mulligan Quartet, found this then-obscure piece in a song book. He thought it would be a great ballad for the band to try. Chet loved it. Gavin writes: “…he played the tune as written, stretching out its slow, spare phrases until they seemed to ache. His hushed tone drew the ear, it suggested a door thrown open on some dark night of the soul, then pulled shut as the last note faded. … The song fascinated Baker. It captured all he aspired to as a musician, with its sophisticated probing of a beautiful theme and its gracefully linked phrases, adding up to a melodic statement that didn’t waste a note.” “My Funny Valentine” became Baker’s signature tune; he first recorded it in 1952 as a member of the Gerry Mulligan Quartet and then dozens of times after that. His 1953 recording on the album entitled My Funny Valentine on the Blue Note label reached the top of the Billboard charts and introduced Baker as a singer; prior to that he was known as an instrumentalist.

Chet Baker – from My Funny Valentine – Blue Note – 1953

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Frank Sinatra — recorded 5 November 1953 – arranged by Nelson Riddle, released on Songs for Young Lovers – 1954

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Ella Fitzgerald — from her album Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers & Hart Songbook 1956

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Miles Davis Quintet – from the album Cookin’ with the Miles Davis Quintet – 1956

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Gerry Mulligan Quartet – from What Is There To Say? – 1959

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Gerry Mulligan Quartet – at Leverkusen, 1991— Gerry Mulligan (bs), Bill Mays (p), Dean Johnson (b), Dave Ratajezak (dr)

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Miles Davis – Milan, Italy, 11 October 1964 — Miles Davis – trumpet, Wayne Shorter – tenor sax, Herbie Hancock – piano, Ron Carter – bass, Tony Williams – drums

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Stan Getz with Chet Baker – – live somewhere in Europe during a 1983 tour, according to the provider

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Chet Baker, 24 April 1988 at Funkhaus, Hannover

The provider says:

Questa versione di My Funny Valentine di Chet Baker, registrata al Funkhaus di Hannover il 24 aprile 1988, è l’ultima registrazione prima della sua morte avvenuta il 13 del maggio successivo. E’ toccante! Aprite le orecchie e chiudete gli occhi e lasciate suonare Chet. L’orchestra di 43 elementi attese per giorni che Chet si presentasse alle prove, ma lui arrivo’ solo nel pomeriggio del giorno del concerto.

In English, approximately translated:

This version of My Funny Valentine by Chet Baker, recorded at Funkhaus in Hanover 24 April 1988, is the last recording before his death on 13 May. And touching! Open your ears and close your eyes and let Chet play. The 43 piece orchestra had waited days expectantly for Chet, but he appeared only on the afternoon of the concert.

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Chris Botti – on Legends of Jazz: The Golden Horns 2006

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